In the late 1960's, there was a noticeable upward trend in crime. The local police forces of the different cities and municipalities of metro manila were then operating independently of each other. With uncoordinated efforts, and sorely deficient in manpower, mobility and equipment, the various local police forces simply cannot cope up with the proliferation of crime. Law enforcement in general appeared helpless against better-armed and better equipped criminal groups and syndicates. It is aggravated by the ability of criminal elements to transfer their operations from one city/municipality of metro manila to another hindering police scope of operations due to restrictions in territorial jurisdiction.
It has become imperative that a more vigorous and better coordination law enforcement unit with capabilities beyond that of the local police forces be put in place. Thus, Executive Orders no. 76 dated July 05, 1967 was issued creating the Philippine Constabulary Metropolitan Command (PC-METROCOM) as a strike force and as augmentation to the local police forces of Metro Manila. Its area of responsibility includes the four cities of Manila, Quezon City, Pasay City and Caloocan City and then Municipalities of Makati, Mandaluyong, Paranaque, Pasig, Muntinlupa, Las Pinas, Marikina, San Juan, Valenzuela And Malabon, Pateros, Taguig And Navotas.
The PC Metropolitan Command was given mission to conduct operations against the burgeoning national security threats and to support local police forces in tiie suppression and prevention of crimes to facilitate the discharge of its mission, the pc-metrocom forged an agreement with the chiefs of police of metro manila defining the relationship between the command and their respective police departments in the metropolitan area with the passage of Republic Act 6975 in 1991 otherwise known as the pnp law. The pc-inp was abolished and in place, the philippine national police was created. The philippine constabulary and the integrated national police was merged into one single police organization. With the merger, the pc-metrocom and the different police departments of metro manila were unified into one command at that time called as the pnp capital command or pnp-capcom. After a year, it was renamed to National Capital Rregional Command (NCRC).
The National Capital Region Police Office acquired its present name on June 31, 1996 pursuant to Napolcom resolution 96-058.
The National Capital Region Police Office is composed of 5 Districts, which are the Western Police District (WPD), which was renamed as Manila Police District (MPD) with jurisdiction covering the whole of Manila City; Southern Police District (SPD) covering the cities/municipality of Pasay, Makati, Paranaque, Las pinas, Muntinlupa, Taguig and Pateros; Central Police District (CPD), which was renamed as Quezon City Police District (QCPD) with jurisdiction covering tbe whole of Quezon City; Northern Police District (NPD) covering the cities of Caloocan, Malabon, Navotas and Valenzuela; and the Eastern Police District (EPD) covering the cities of Marikina, Pasig, Mandaluyong and San Juan.
At present, the PNP NCRPO is the primary unit of the Philippine National Police in Metro Manila and at the forefront in the campaign for the maintenance of peace and order and public safety in this area.